Patient and family/friend satisfaction in a sample of Jordanian Critical Care Units
S. Mosleha,∗, M. Alja’afreha, A.J. Leeb
Intensive and Critical Care Nursing (2015)
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the validity of family members/friends as proxies by comparing perceptions of satisfaction with care and decision making between critically ill patients and their family/friends.
Design: A comparative, descriptive cross-sectional study.
Setting: Seven Critical Care Units across four public and military hospitals in the centre and southern regions of Jordan.
Methods: A modified version of Family Satisfaction-ICU (FS-ICU) questionnaire was distributed to Critical Care Unit (CCU) patients before hospital discharge. In addition, up to two family members/close friends were also asked to complete the questionnaire.
Results: A total of 213 patients, (response rate 72%), and 246 family members/friends (response rate 79%) completed and returned the questionnaire. Although the majority of family mem- bers/friends and patients were satisfied with overall care, patients were generally significantly less satisfied (mean (SD) care subscale 75.6 (17.8) and 70.9 (17.3), respectively, p=0.005), When individual items were examined, significant differences in nursing care (family/friends 80.1 (20.7) versus patient 75.9 (22.2), p = 0.038) and inclusion in decision making (family/friends 53.9 (33.2) versus patient 62.0 (34.2), p = 0.010) were found.
Conclusion: The study showed a degree of congruence between patients and their family members/friends in relation to their satisfaction with the CCU experience. Thus, views of fam- ily/friends may serve as a proxy in assessing care and decision making processes of critically ill patients.