The Effect of Using Hysteresis Models (Bilinear and Modified Clough) on Seismic Demands of Single Degree of Freedom Systems

Ahmad N. Tarawneh, Sereen A. Majdalaweyh and Bassam Z. Mahasneh


DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2016.913.923


American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 13, Issue 8 
Pages 913-923


Based on nonlinear inelastic dynamic analysis of Single Degree Of Freedom systems (SDOF), this work investigates the effect of different parameters on the seismic response of these systems. Generalized SDOF systems that present both short and long period structures are subjected to two sets of synthetic ground motions according to the site condition; stiff rock site and stiff soil one, each contains three records. The structural period vary from (0.1 to 2) seconds and the post yielding stiffness ratios vary from (0.0 to 0.2) with two hysteresis models. Modified Clough and Bilinear models have been utilized in the analysis to illustrate the effect of stiffness degradation. The relationship between the force modification factor (R) and the global ductility demand (μ) tends to be more affected under different post yielding stiffness ratios in the structures of short period more than long period structures, where the effect is negligible. Furthermore, while the post yielding stiffness ratio increases, the ductility demand of the structure decreases under all different periods and models. The effect of hysteresis models at all ranges of period is observed while the modified Clough model shows a higher ductility demand than the force modification factor in comparison with the bilinear model. The site condition influence indicates that short period structures have higher ductility demand in stiff soil sites. However, long period structures have higher ductility demand in stiff rock sites.



Seismic Response, Synthetic Ground Motions, Hysteresis Model, Post Yielding Stiffness Ratio, Ductility Demand, Force Modification Factor.